By Jorge Larraín
El concepto de ideología. Vol.1 traza un recorrido por las diferentes corrientes de pensamiento con el fin de revisar, de una forma más completa, los angeles propuesta de Karl Marx con respecto a una teoría de los angeles ideología. En este, el primero de cuatro volúmenes sobre el tema, el autor busca dilucidar cómo Marx concibió esta noción, cuáles fueron sus propósitos y qué factores dificultaron su aplicación en los angeles sociedad.
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Extra resources for El concepto de ideología. Vol 1. Carlos Marx
When we make such comparative claims, we’re speaking loosely: What does come in degrees is the probabilistic content of the proposition known. One who merely knows that it is quite likely that p can be said to be ‘less justified’ in his belief ‘that p’ than one who merely knows that it is extremely likely that p who is himself ‘less justified’ in his belief ‘that p’ than one who knows categorically that p. This is a particular aspect of a general view Sutton advances, according to which we often speak loosely when attributing beliefs; often what we’re really doing when we say ‘S believes that P’ is attributing to S a belief that P is probably true (2007: 64–5).
How does this account explain how one belief can be more justified that another, if justified belief just is knowledge, and whether one knows isn’t a gradable matter? Williamson is explicit that he wants to equate full justification with knowledge, and he grafts his earlier (2000) account of justification (discussed in the next chapter) onto that equation as his account of a graded sense of justification not provided by the equation itself (2011: 215; 2014: 5). Of course, the question now is how these two notions of justification are related.
I take the core of knowledge first approaches to epistemology (rather than to philosophy more generally) to be a commitment to the claim that justification is in some sense to be understood in terms of knowledge. Though I don’t mean to pretend that it’s entirely uncontroversial, here I’ll adopt the following as my working characterization of (doxastic) justification; one justifiably believes P just in case one’s belief that P is epistemically or intellectually appropriate, given the evidence one has based it on (adapted from Smith 2010: 12).