By Tamirace Fakhoury Mühlbacher (auth.)

Since the inception of the delicate geographical region in 1943, Lebanon has been confronted with the continuously volatile challenge of being torn among heart jap and Western orbits. After reading Lebanon’s pre-war consociational democracy in addition to the criteria at the back of its cave in in 1975, Tamirace Fakhoury Mühlbacher analyses the post-war order (1990-2006) through laying off gentle on either interrelated phenomena: communal power-sharing in a turbulent setting and Lebanon’s “hybrid democratisation” among Syrian tutelage and the impulses for extra liberalisation opposed to the backdrop of exogenous and endogenous components. the writer analyses intimately Lebanon’s doubtful 2005 approach transition, the so-called 'Beirut Spring', and its aftermath. In a serious standpoint, she highlights primary communal and political dynamics that outcome from the collision of inner and exterior clash strains on Lebanese flooring, and the way the previous have impeded balanced power-sharing and democratisation within the small Arab Republic.

This booklet is vital interpreting for researchers and scholars from the social sciences, specifically sociology and political science.

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Extra resources for Democracy and Power-Sharing in Stormy Weather: The Case of Lebanon

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45 46 47 48 See Lijphart, “The Power-sharing Approach,” in Conflict and Peacemaking in Multiethnic Societies, ed. Joseph v. Montville (Lexington: Lexington Books, 1991), 491-509; “Multiethnic Democracy,” in The Encyclopedia of Democracy 3, ed. Seymour Martin Lipset (London: Routledge: London, 1995) 853-865; Lijphart, “The Puzzle of Indian Democracy”; Lijphart, “The Wave of Power-Sharing Democracy,”; Lijphart “The Evolution of Consociational Theory and Consociational Practices, 1965-2000,”Acta Politica 37 (2002): 11-22; Lijphart “Constitutional Design for Divided Societies,” Journal of Democracy 15 (2004): 96-109.

Review and Critique of the Literature on Consociational Democracy In 1977, he maintains that this model is a serious alternative in fragmented societies to the Westminster model or majoritarian democracy, which, in contrast to consociational democracy, is characterized by one-party governments, centralized power, a disproportional electoral system and majority rule. 49 Both examples, in his opinion, reveal that the model can be transposed to other societies even if many conditions are unfavorable.

61 The names of interviewed Lebanese politicians and political scientists remain in this study anonymous so as to protect the privacy of individuals who do not wish to make some statements public because of the sensitive connotations these statements might call forth. 34 Introductory Overview In order to evaluate these interviews, I have synthesized long transcripts so as to come up with a coherent pattern that allows me to compare different political discourses and analytical outlooks. These interviews were particularly helpful for filling in analytical gaps especially after the 2004 turnabout, for critical literature on Lebanon’s evolution after this point is limited.

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