By Robin Rinehart
The Dasam Granth is a 1,428-page anthology of various compositions attributed to the 10th Guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh, and a subject of serious controversy between Sikhs. the debate stems from significant concerns: a considerable component of the Dasam Granth relates stories from Hindu mythology, suggesting a disconnect from normative Sikh theology; and a protracted composition entitled Charitropakhian tells numerous hundred really image tales approximately illicit liaisons among women and men. Sikhs have debated no matter if the textual content merits prestige as a "scripture" or may be learn in its place as "literature." Sikh students have additionally lengthy debated even if Guru Gobind Singh in reality authored the whole Dasam Granth. a lot of the secondary literature at the Dasam Granth makes a speciality of this authorship factor, and regardless of an ever-growing physique of articles, essays, and books (mainly in Punjabi), the talk has no longer moved ahead. The to be had manuscript and different ancient facts don't offer conclusive solutions concerning authorship. the controversy has been so acrimonious now and then that during 2000, Sikh chief Joginder Singh Vedanti issued a directive that Sikh students no longer touch upon the Dasam Granth publicly in any respect pending a committee inquiry into the problem. Debating the Dasam Granth is the 1st English language, book-length severe learn of this debatable Sikh textual content in lots of years. in line with examine at the unique textual content within the Brajbhasha and Punjabi languages, a serious analyzing of the secondary literature in Punjabi, Hindi, and English, and interviews with students and Sikh leaders in India, it bargains an intensive advent to the Dasam Granth, its background, debates approximately its authenticity, and an in-depth research of its most vital compositions.
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Extra resources for Debating the Dasam Granth
From the 1680s until the early 1700s, Guru Gobind Singh and his forces were involved in a number of battles, some of which are detailed The Life of Guru Gobind Singh 21 in the Apni Katha portion of Bachitra Natak, discussed in more detail in chapter 2. Guru Gobind Singh and his wives Mata Jito [Mātā Jīto] and Mata Sundari [Mātā Sundarī] had four sons, Ajit Singh [Ajīt Singh], Jujhar Singh [Jujhār Singh], Jorawar Singh [Jorāwar Singh], and Fateh Singh. 8 The two elder sons joined Guru Gobind Singh’s forces in battle as teens.
Additional Compositions In addition to the preceding compositions, some manuscripts contain additional sections that have not been included in printed editions of 36 Debating the Dasam Granth the Dasam Granth. a. Asphoṭak Kabit), and Khayāl. ” There are other compositions attributed to Guru Gobind Singh that are not traditionally associated with the Dasam Granth. The hukamnāmās are letters that Guru Gobind Singh sent to diﬀerent Sikh communities (for more on the hukamnāmās, see Ganda Singh 1996; Jaggi 1966, 133– 135; Loehlin 1971, 61–67).
This overarching concern for elucidating the responsibilities of a leader in turn provides a lens through which we may understand how the diverse compositions of the Dasam Granth—from lengthy praises of weapons to tales of wayward women—may ﬁt together as a coherent whole. 1 • The Life of Guru Gobind Singh (1666–1708) and the History of the Dasam Granth this chapter begins with a brief account of signiﬁcant events in Guru Gobind Singh’s life, with special focus on those that are relevant to the Dasam Granth.