By Steve Ciarcia

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Electropneumatics. Basic Level

Язык английский. В учебнике приведены терминология, основные понятия, графическое обозначение элементов электропневмоавтоматики, рассматриваются конструкция, принцип действия и методика расчета электрических преобразователей сигналов и датчиков сигналов.
Описаны конструкции и даны характеристики электропневмораспределителей, свободно программируемых контроллеров и исполнительных устройств систем электропневмоавтоматики. Изложены рекомендации по выбору, расчету и проектированию электропневматических систем управления технологическим оборудованием. Даны численные примеры расчета основных элементов.

Оглавление
Contents . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 1
Preface . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 4
Chapter 1 – creation . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 5
1. 1 purposes of pneumatics. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6
1. 2 simple keep watch over engineering phrases . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8
1. three Pneumatic and electropneumatic controllers . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14
1. four merits of electropneumatic controllers . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 17
Chapter 2 – basics of electric know-how. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 19
2. 1 Direct present and alternating present . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20
2. 2 Ohm's legislation. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 22
2. three functionality of a solenoid . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 24
2. four functionality of a capacitor . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 26
2. five functionality of a diode. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 27
2. 6 size in electric circuits . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 28
Chapter three – parts and assemblies within the electric sign regulate part. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 35
3. 1 strength provide unit . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 36
3. 2 Push button and keep an eye on switches. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37
3. three Sensors for measuring displacement and strain . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39
3. four Relays and contactors. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 49
3. five Programmable common sense controllers. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 55
3. 6 total constitution of the sign processing half . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56
Chapter four – Electrically actuated directional keep an eye on valves. .. .. .. .. .. 59
4. 1 capabilities . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .60
4. 2 building and mode of operation. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 62
4. three kinds and pneumatic functionality information . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .74
4. four functionality facts of solenoid coils. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 83
4. five electric connection of solenoid coils . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .86
Chapter five – constructing an electropneumatic keep an eye on process. .. .. .. .89
5. 1 technique for constructing a keep an eye on procedure. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 90
5. 2 venture layout approach . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .92
5. three pattern software: undertaking layout of a lifting equipment . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 96
5. four process for enforcing the keep an eye on approach. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .109
Chapter 6 – Documentation for an electropneumatic keep watch over procedure. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .113
6. 1 functionality diagram. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .115
6. 2 functionality chart . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 119
6. three Pneumatic circuit diagram. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 127
6. four electric circuit diagram. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 144
6. five Terminal connection diagram. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .158
Chapter 7 – safeguard measures for electropneumatic regulate structures. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .169
7. 1 hazards and protecting measures . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .170
7. 2 impact of electrical present at the human physique . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .172
7. three Measures to guard opposed to injuries with electrical present . .. .. .. .. 175
7. four regulate panel and indicating components. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .176
7. five maintaining electric equipment
against environmental affects. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .181
Chapter eight – Relay keep watch over platforms . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 185
8. 1 functions of relay keep an eye on platforms in electropneumatics . .. .. .. .. 186
8. 2 Direct and oblique regulate. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 186
8. three common sense operations . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 189
8. four sign garage . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 192
8. five hold up . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 198
8. 6 series keep watch over with sign storage
by double solenoid valves . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 199
8. 7 Circuit for comparing keep watch over components . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 208
8. eight series regulate for a lifting machine . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 211
Chapter nine – layout of modern
electropneumatic keep an eye on platforms . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 235
9. 1 traits and advancements in electropneumatics. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 236
9. 2 Pneumatic drives. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 237
9. three Sensors . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 245
9. four sign processing . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 246
9. five Directional keep an eye on valves . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 247
9. 6 sleek deploy strategies. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 251
9. 7 lowering tubing attempt . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 261
9. three decreasing wiring attempt. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 261
9. nine Proportional pneumatics. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 270
Appendix . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 279
Index. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 281
Standards. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 291

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Additional info for Circuit Cellar June 2010

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It is then inverted and preamplified by U1-A while being forwardbiased by the integrator formed with U1-B and C4 through R5. This creates an auto-biasing circuit that keeps the photo voltage centered throughout a wide range of optical energy, but with a slow enough speed so as not to interfere with the pickup of the heartbeat. The signal is 41 2106014_paiano_Layout 1 5/12/2010 10:45 AM Page 42 Computing/HMI Serial I/O The right connection creates incredible power. Connectivity and control. Making your interface as reliable as the tides—and just as strong.

The National Semiconductor Corp. LM5009 switching regulator tolerates up to 95-V input voltage, so there is a lot of room for increasing the bus voltage if voltage drop becomes an issue. The J1 and J2 connectors allow the attachment of daughter boards to add more functionality. 1″ pin headers on the switch board, and the male counter parts on the daughter boards. For added mechanical strength, you can secure the daughter boards with a pair of #4-40 screws and a spacer to the switch PCB. Photo 2—The wall side of the PCB.

CANOpen distinguishes between receive and transmit PDOs, where the Open Collector states are clearly receive PDOs (set over the network for example from the server). The switch status, however, can be either transmit (when a user hits a button) or receive (when you set the status of the switch over the network). , 3 + 4) receive PDOs but only three transmit PDOs. Each POD is 1 byte in size, the smallest amount of data that can be transmitted with a CAN message. Zero is the off state, and 255 the on state for any of the variables.

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