By Daniel Gardner
The Analects is a compendium of the sayings of Confucius (551–479 b.c.e.), transcribed and handed down via his disciples. the way it got here to be reworked via Zhu Xi (1130–1200) into essentially the most philosophically major texts within the Confucian culture is the topic of this book.
Scholarly consciousness in China had lengthy been dedicated to the Analects. by the point of Zhu Xi, a wealthy historical past of statement had grown up round it. yet Zhu, claiming that the Analects was once one of many authoritative texts within the canon and may be learn sooner than all others, gave it a nonetheless extra privileged prestige within the culture. He spent many years getting ready a longer interlinear statement on it. Sustained through a more moderen, extra intricate language of metaphysics, Zhu's remark at the Analects marked an important shift within the philosophical orientation of Confucianism―a shift that redefined the Confucian culture for the following 8 centuries, not just in China, yet in Japan and Korea well.
Gardner's translations and research of Zhu Xi's remark at the Analects express one in all China's nice thinkers in a fascinating and intricate act of philosophical negotiation. via an interlinear, line-by-line "dialogue" with Confucius, Zhu effected a reconciliation of the lessons of the grasp, observation by way of later exegetes, and modern philosophical matters of Song-dynasty students. by way of evaluating Zhu's examining of the Analects with the sooner average interpreting via He Yan (190–249), Gardner illuminates what's dramatically new in Zhu Xi's interpretation of the Analects.
A pioneering examine of Zhu Xi's examining of the Analects, this e-book demonstrates how observation is either knowledgeable through a textual content and informs destiny readings, and highlights the significance of interlinear statement as a style in chinese language philosophy.