By G. Shabbir Cheema
Within the literature on globalization, democratization, and improvement, there are common exhortations to advertise ''good governance,'' however it isn't constantly transparent simply what includes ''good governance.'' Cheema (Principal Adviser on Governance, department for Public management and improvement administration, United international locations) the following lays out the attributes of democratic governance and issues to situations of excellent perform. He additional seeks to spot stipulations that make solid governance attainable. He provides chapters on elections, battling corruption, strengthening parliamentary procedure, selling human rights, decentralizing politics, public zone administration potential, judicial reform, and governance in main issue occasions.
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Extra info for Building Democratic Institutions: Governance Reform in Developing Countries
Accountability is provided by elections. But national elections give no say to people outside a country who are nonetheless affected by that country’s national decisions. S. S. elections than in Argentina because Argentine citizens are at least as affected by what the United States does as by what their own government does. Unfortunately, it is hard to dream up mechanisms that would enable people to vote anywhere in the world where decisions are made that affect them. The world badly needs to devise institutions and frameworks that can make it possible for people affected by decisions to have a voice in those decisions and to hold the decision makers accountable.
And the technology will be ubiquitous and increasingly invisible. We will find it incorporated into not only our computers and telephones but also our refrigerators and, say, our preschool daughter’s bracelet—with a global positioning device connected to the Internet so that when she wanders off in the mall, we can log on via cellular telephone and find her. That is, we will enjoy these benefits if we live in a rich country. The geewhiz factor in all this needs to be tempered with recognition of the continuing reality of the global digital divide.
29 It can, must, and increasingly does apply not only to people already explicitly responsible for governance—leaders of national governments and intergovernmental organizations such as the World Trade Organization—but also to corporations and even the civil society groups accustomed to seeing themselves as the watchdogs monitoring everybody else. Changes in both technology and behavioral norms are making such transparency-based governance increasingly feasible. Chapter 3 examines one reason why collectivities other than nation-states can participate in transparency-based governance—the slow but significant changes in the way people identify themselves.