By John Baker, Stuart Brookes

Because the name indicates, past the Burghal Hidage takes the learn of Anglo-Saxon civil defence clear of conventional historic and archaeological fields, and makes use of a groundbreaking interdisciplinary method of learn battle and public responses to organised violence via their impression at the panorama. via bringing jointly the facts from quite a lot of archaeological, onomastic and old assets, the authors may be able to reconstruct advanced strategic and army landscapes, and to teach how vital designated wisdom of early medieval infrastructure and communications is to our realizing of Anglo-Saxon preparedness for struggle, and to the situating of significant protecting works inside of their wider strategic context. the result's an important and far-reaching re-examination of the evolution of overdue Anglo-Saxon shielding arrangements.

Winner of the 2013 Verbruggen prize, given each year by means of De Re Militari society for for the simplest ebook on medieval army historical past.

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Additional info for Beyond the Burghal Hidage: Anglo-Saxon Civil Defence in the Viking Age

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Even if the size of some early Viking raiding parties has been overstated, the micel here of the 860s must have been extremely large, and once the Vikings had bases in England it seems quite possible that they were able to welcome reinforcements and put very substantial forces into the field on a regular basis, without facing all of the logistical issues outlined by Carroll Gillmor (1988b). Indeed, the location of their encampments in England may have taken account of the need for supplies (Abels 1998, 115, 125–26).

A. a. 168; Campbell 2001, 20–1). Archaeological support for the reliability of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle account is provided by coins of Æthelwald, minted in the Danelaw, and found in Viking hoards, such as that from Silverdale, Lancashire, discovered in 2011. This perhaps confirms the Viking kingdoms as an accepted part of the political scene, although the depiction of the ætheling consorting with Scandinavian factions might also have been a device for questioning his suitability to rule (Yorke 2010, 148–9).

Kings, through grants of land and tenure, may have ceded economic power to lords, certainly with regards to the redistribution of staple, but they did so whilst simultaneously tightening control over military force. Not until the transition to feudalism was fully completed, could this military might be said to have been replaced by aristocratic rent production. In a model of eloquent simplicity, warfare is not simply seen as a device for explaining state formation, but also provides a way of understanding the social context of change, in which political developments led to economic evolution.

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