By Dr,. BD Chaurasia

The main learn booklet in first 12 months of clinical existence

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Extra info for BD Chaurasia’s Human Anatomy - Lower Limb, Abdomen & Pelvis (Volume 2)

Sample text

The lateral surface is much shorter than the medial, and is notched. Features 1. The proximal surface is concavoconvex for articulation with the calcaneum. 2. The distal surface is also articular. It is divided by a vertical ridge into two areas for the fourth and fifth metatarsal bones. 3. The dorsal surface is rough for the attachment of ligaments. It is directed upwards and laterally. 4. The plantar surface is crossed anteriorly by an oblique groove. The groove is bounded posteriorly by a prominent ridge.

27). __________________ TIBIA __________________ The tibia is the medial and larger bone of the leg. It is homologous with the radius of the upper limb. Side Determination 1. The upper end is much larger than the lower end. 2. The medial side of the lower end projects downwards beyond the rest of the bone. The projection is called the medial malleolus. 3. The anterior border of the shaft is most prominent and crest-like. It is sinuously curved and terminates below at the anterior border of the medial malleolus.

In females, the pelvic part of the chilotic line is longer than the sacral part. 4. The curvatures of the iliac crest are more pronounced in males. 5. The iliac fossa is deeper in males. 6. The pubic crest is shorter in males. 7. The lower margin of the ischiopubic rami is more everted in males, for the attachments of the crus of the penis with inturned ischial spine. 8. The preauricular sulcus is more marked in females. 9. The obturator foramen is large and oval in males, and small and triangular in females.

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