By Richard A. Horsley; John S. Hanson

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Extra info for Bandits Prophets and Messiahs: Popular Movements at the Time of Jesus, 1st edition (New Voices in Biblical Studies)

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In order to achieve such a goal, the law had to be inter­ preted and applied to the social, economic, and religious life of the people. Thus the Pharisees continued the work of the scribes. " In one report Josephus indicates that when John Hyrcanus (135-104) broke with them, the kingdom was governed by "the laws which [the Pharisees] had set up for the people" (Ant. 296). In their work of interpretation and application of the Mosaic law, the Pharisaic scribes probably worked in continuity with earlier scribes.

A little more than two decades after they had taken control of Palestine, the Seleucids were in desperate need of funds and also needed to consolidate their power vis-a-vis the increasingly restless oriental peoples. They naturally looked to the Hellenized "cities," led by wealthy aristocracies, for support, and were thus ready to pursue a more active policy of Hellenization. In 175 B . C E . " They first had the High Priest Onias Ill's brother Joshua, who assumed the Greek name Jason, depose Onias by purchasing the high priesthood for himself by offering Antiochus con­ siderably more than the usual tribute of 300 talents.

7:12-18). Then in 160 a sizable Seleu­ cid army defeated the peasant army, killed Judas himself, and persecuted his followers (1 Mace. 9:23-27). Formally, the 22 BANDITS, PROPHETS, AND MESSIAHS Seleucids and the Hellenizers continued to rule. But the only way the Hellenizing Judean aristocracy could exercise even a modicum of actual control was for the Seleucids to maintain a large occupation army to defend the enclaves of Hellenizers, for the Judean peasantry continued their pro­ tracted guerrilla warfare under the leadership of Judas' brother Jonathan.

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