By Henry M. Spinelli
Cornell Univ., long island urban, manhattan. Atlas addresses either useful and beauty concerns with step by step approaches. basically explains the anatomy, body structure, and pathophysiology and lines summaries of sufferer overview and administration. makes use of greater than 250 full-color figures, together with a hundred unique scientific illustrations. DNLM: Blepharoplasty--methods--Atlases.
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Extra resources for Atlas of Aesthetic Eyelid and Periocular Surgery
Snap back test Good Poor 5. Tear film break up time Figure 2-1 Evaluation of the patient should include an appreciation of visual acuity (with and without correction), baseline tear production, intrinsic lid tone, lower eyelid support, and tear film quality. Of course, the specific tests performed and their interpretation should be tailored by the clinician within the context of each patient and applied on an individual basis. For example, a low Schirmer test reading alone may not be an absolute contraindication to a cosmetic procedure.
The canthoplasty is then completed as previously described utilizing the denuded tarsal strip (see Fig. 3-5). The lower lid retractors are allowed to spontaneously adhere to the newly elevated lid position. In my experience, this definitive and simple procedure can be nearly 100% successful with limited or no morbidity (Fig. 3-13). SCLERAL SHOW OR LOWER LID RETRACTION In severe cases of lower lid retraction or pseudoretraction, as in mild exophthalmos or proptosis secondary to Graves’ disease, the lower lid may be elevated with a combination of canthopexy and middle and internal lamellar spacer grafts to provide rigidity and support.
In my view only a few are effective in addressing the underlying pathophysiology and that provide reproducibly good results. As described previously, the lower eyelid should spontaneously return back to a normal anatomic position when distracted inferiorly and away from the globe. Eyelid laxity of some degree is present when a spontaneous snap back is absent. The classically described pinch test, in which the examining surgeon can pull the lower eyelid more than 10 mm from the eyeball, may also demonstrate significant eyelid laxity.